Design for Future Climate: Dragon Junior School


The new low energy junior school for the Dragon School is designed to accommodate 200 children who are currently located on separate sites. The project will be subject to the Natural Resource Impact Analysis of the Oxford Local Plan and a BREEAM award of (a minimum of ) ‘Very Good’ is targeted.


The aim of this project is to develop a set of tested adaptation packages that will mitigate projected future climate change risks and ensure the sustainable standard of the school. The aims to meet this goal involve:

  • Establish the extent of climate change impact and risk analysis for the school development.
  • Minimise the risk and negative impacts of climate change via adaptations that have been proven to be effective through simulation and empirical research.


A risk-based assessment was conducted to evaluate potential climate change hazards and impacts drawing from the probabilistic UK Climate Projections 2009. Based on the assessment, climate change adaptation packages for comfort were developed by conducting the following steps:

  1. Adaptation measures for comfort mentioned in Design for Future Climate report (Gething 2010) were considered.
  2. The adaptation measures which are applicable for Dragon junior school development were selected.
  3. To test the performance of these individual adaptation measures, detailed building level energy models were built in the building thermal simulation package IES.
  4. Adaptation packages which are the combinations of the most effective individual adaptation measures were proposed for dragon junior school project. The performances of these adaptation packages were then tested on the building model under current, 2030s, 2050s and 2080s’ climate.
  5. If active cooling is needed, adaptation packages for air conditioned building are then tested, and the timeline of application of adaptation packages are then summarised.
  6. Adaptation measures for construction and water were given at the end based on empirical experience.


The research provides adaptation packages that are found to be technically effective in responding to the negative impacts of climate change and that might further reduce the risk of on-going climate change.



Research Reports:

  • Gupta, R. and Du, H., 2012.Climate changes hazards and impacts: Dragon Junior School Submitted to Ridge and Partners LLP, Oxford
    Dated: August 2012
  • Gupta, R. and Du, H.,Overheating metrics and base IES model report - Dragon Junior School Dated: forthcoming
  • Gupta, R. and Du, H.,Climate change adaptation report - Dragon Junior School
    Dated: forthcoming


Workshops & Conferences:

  • Design for Future Climate Showcase Conference 2012 at London, UK
    Dated: June 2012


Low Carbon Building Group

Oxford Brookes University
Headington Campus
Gipsy Lane
Oxford, OX3 0BP