Design for Future Climate: Queen Elizabeth II Hospital


The New Queen Elizabeth (QE) II Hospital will be located in Welwyn Garden City. The project is a new 8000 sqm purpose built healthcare facility on the site of an existing hospital, which has reached the end of its useful life. The new QE II hospital will accommodate out patients, local A&E, diagnostics, children’s services, therapies, Vicki Adkins breast clinic and day treatment.


The aim of this project is to develop a set of tested adaptation packages that will mitigate projected future climate change risks and ensure the sustainable standard of the hospital building. The aims to meet this goal involve:

  • Establish the extent of climate change impact and risk analysis for the hospital development.
  • Minimise the risk and negative impacts of climate change via adaptations that have been proven to be effective through simulation and empirical research.


A risk-based assessment was conducted to evaluate potential climate change hazards and impacts drawing from the probabilistic UK Climate Projections 2009. Based on the assessment, climate change adaptation packages for comfort were developed by conducting the following steps:

  1. Adaptation measures for comfort mentioned in Design for Future Climate report (Gething 2010) were considered.
  2. The adaptation measures which are applicable for QE II hospital development were selected.
  3. To test the performance of these individual adaptation measures, detailed building level energy models were built in the building thermal simulation package IES.
  4. Adaptation packages which are the combinations of the most effective individual adaptation measures were proposed for the project. The performances of these adaptation packages were then tested on the building model under current, 2030s, 2050s and 2080s’ climate.
  5. If active cooling is needed, adaptation packages for air conditioned building are then tested, and the timeline of application of adaptation packages are then summarised.
  6. Adaptation measures for construction and water were given at the end based on empirical experience.


The research provides adaptation packages that are found to be technically effective in responding to the negative impacts of climate change and that might further reduce the risk of on-going climate change.



Research Reports:

  • Gupta, R. and Du, H., 2012.Climate changes hazards and impacts: Queen Elizabeth II Hospital. Submitted to Penoyre and Prasad LLP, London
    Dated: May 2012
  • Gupta, R. and Du, H.,Overheating metrics and base IES model report - Queen Elizabeth II Hospital Dated: forthcoming
  • Gupta, R. and Du, H.,Climate change adaptation report - Queen Elizabeth II Hospital
    Dated: forthcoming


Workshops & Conferences:

  • Design for Future Climate Showcase Conference 2012 at London, UK
    Dated: June 2012


Low Carbon Building Group

Oxford Brookes University
Headington Campus
Gipsy Lane
Oxford, OX3 0BP